11v1-10 Plague 10 All firstborn to die
1: And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. 2: Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. 3: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people. 4: And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 5: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 6: And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. 7: But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. 8: And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. 9: And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt. 10: And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
B The Deliverance
12v1-28 The Passover celebrated
1: And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2: This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3: Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4: And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 5: Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 6: And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7: And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8: And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9: Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10: And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 11: And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover. 12: For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13: And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 14: And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. 15: Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 16: And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. 17: And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. 18: In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 19: Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. 20: Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread. 21: Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 22: And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. 23: For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. 24: And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25: And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26: And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 27: That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. 28: And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.
12v29-36 All the Firstborn die
29: And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 30: And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. 31: And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 32: Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. 33: And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men. 34: And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35: And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 36: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
12v37-51 Israel move out of Egypt
37: And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. 38: And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. 39: And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. 40: Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 41: And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42: It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. 43: And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: 44: But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 45: A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. 46: In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. 47: All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48: And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. 49: One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you. 50: Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 51: And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.
13v1-16 The Firstborn dedicated
1: And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2: Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine. 3: And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. 4: This day came ye out in the month Abib. 5: And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month. 6: Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. 7: Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. 8: And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt. 9: And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD's law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. 10: Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year. 11: And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, 12: That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD's. 13: And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem. 14: And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 15: And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem. 16: And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.
13v17-22 The Lord leads them out
17: And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 18: But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt. 19: And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you. 20: And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. 21: And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 22: He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.
In today’s reading the Lord finally secures the release of Israel from bondage. The LORD brings the last plague on Egypt while Israel celebrate the Passover. Pharaoh expels Israel from Egypt and as the go out all the firstborn are dedicated to the LORD. The LORD tells Moses that he will bring one more plague on Egypt which will be so great that the Egyptians will thrust them out. However Israel had some special preparations to make to prevent them also from suffering from the plague. First all the women of Israel were to borrow from their neighbours jewellery of silver and gold and the neighbours were very willing to do so. Israel was viewed very favourably by the Egyptians and Moses himself was very highly respected. Then the LORD explained to Moses that the last plague would be the death of every first born son from Pharaohs own son to the lowest of the low. (Even the young girl and her baby who lives behind the mill) Even the first born of all animals will die. There will be a great cry or mourning in all the land, a cry so terrible that will be unique in all history. The LORD was going to put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. Then the Lord gave very specific instructions to Moses regarding the Passover night. First he said this month will be the beginning of a new year for all time. It will be start of a totally new life. On the 10th day every head of a household will take a lamb from the flock. The lamb is to have no outward signs of abnormality and it must be a first year male. (It can be from the sheep or goats) The lamb will be looked after in the house from the 10th to the 14th day. And on that day it will be killed, in the evening. Then the blood will be taken and painted on the posts of the door and on the lintel. Then the flesh is to be roasted and eaten with bread containing no yeast and it is be eaten with bitter herbs. The whole lamb or goat is to be eaten, nothing is to be left until morning. If anything is left then it to be burnt in the fire completely. It is to eaten with your coat and shoes on your feet and with your staff in your hand and it is to be eaten quickly. On this night the LORD will pass through the land and execute judgment on all the land and when the Lord sees the blood he will pass-over the house and not enter. This day is to be forever remembered by Israel. Every year for ever this day will be remembered. Then the Lord went on to explain who Israel is to remember the Passover as a holy Feast of the LORD. Anyone who refused to remember this feast will be executed or expelled from Israel. Moses called the elders of Israel and explained what the Lord had instructed him and they bowed down and worshipped the LORD. At midnight the LORD passed through the land killed ever firstborn in every family of every generation in all the land of Egypt. This effected Pharaoh in his family and even men in prison and all cattle. There was a very great cry of despair that arose over the whole land because this touched every family and in some families many members. Sons, fathers and grandfathers all died if they were the firstborn. Pharaoh called for Moses and demanded that they leave Egypt. He said take your whole herds and go and bless me as you go. They Egyptians sent them out with great urgency because they said, we are dead men! The children of Israel took their unleavened bread and their bread making tools and left. They had already borrowed great riches. The children of Israel did not leave without money or riches the Egyptians gave freely of their treasures. The children of Israel went out in number 600,000 men – not including children. This might have been perhaps a million people. There also went out people of other races that attached themselves to Israel. Israel had been in Egypt for 430 years. They went out on exactly the same day that they entered Egypt. The 14th day of the first month. The Lord stipulated that no uncircumcised man should ever celebrate the Passover. The common practise today of Gentile Christians celebrating the Passover is to be avoided. Quote. ‘for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof’. From this day onward the first born of every family was dedicated especially to the Lord. The first born of the herds were to be dedicated to the Lord also on offering of a sacrifice. When the Lord did lead the children of Israel out he did not lead then via the normal northern route to Canaan but he led them south east toward the Gulf of Aqabar. The Lord led them by a path in which there was no possibility of return. Israel would never be able to go back. In the day the Lords presence was a pillar of cloud and at night a pillar of fire.