January 18th Genesis 44 Joseph’s cup
1: And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth. 2: And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. 3: As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses. 4: And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? 5: Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing. 6: And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words. 7: And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing: 8: Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or gold? 9: With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen. 10: And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words; he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless. 11: Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack. 12: And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack. 13: Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city. 14: And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground. 15: And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine? 16: And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found. 17: And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father. 18: Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh. 19: My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? 20: And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. 21: And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. 22: And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die. 23: And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more. 24: And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. 25: And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food. 26: And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us. 27: And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons: 28: And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: 29: And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. 30: Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life; 31: It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. 32: For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever. 33: Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. 34: For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
Genesis 45 Joseph united with his brethren
1: Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. 2: And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard. 3: And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence. 4: And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. 5: Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. 6: For these two years hath the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. 7: And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. 8: So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. 9: Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not: 10: And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy children's children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast: 11: And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty. 12: And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you. 13: And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither. 14: And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. 15: Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him. 16: And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house, saying, Joseph's brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. 17: And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; 18: And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. 19: Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 20: Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours. 21: And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 22: To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment. 23: And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way. 24: So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the way. 25: And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, 26: And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob's heart fainted, for he believed them not. 27: And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived: 28: And Israel said, It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die.
Today we have the incident of Josephs cup which puts the fear of the Lord into the brothers. Joseph reveals himself to his brothers in one of the most touching passages of scripture. And in the end Joseph manages to arrange for the brothers to bring their Father and all the family to Egypt. This time Joseph arranges for a silver cup belonging to himself to be hidden in the sack of corn belonging to Benjamin. The money was also put back into the sacks. As soon as they had set off he sends his servants to intercept the men and to bring Benjamin back. Joseph declares that the man who had his cup should be his servant. Judah is distraught by the events and he pleads on behalf of Benjamin. He explains the trauma that will come on Jacob if Benjamin does not return. At this point Joseph could not contain himself anymore and he demanded that every gentile be put out while he spoke to his brothers. Joseph revealed himself to his brothers alone. He wept aloud and the Egyptians and Pharaoh heard him. Then Joseph said simply, I am Joseph – does my father still live? His brother were deeply troubled by his presence. They were in shock. They never thought they would ever see him again. Israel will be in as much shock in a coming day when Jesus reveals himself to his brethren. They never thought when they demanded his crucifixion that they would ever see him again. Joseph called his brothers to draw near. And they crept forward to look on his face. Then he said I am Joseph your brother, who you sold into Egypt. Do not be grieved or angry with yourselves because it was God who sent me here ahead of you to preserve life. We have only had two years of famine there are seven more years to go. Joseph like Christ was revealed to his brethren during a seven year period of tribulation. God sent me here to preserve YOU! He said. And with Christ they thought they were crucifying him in rejection but in his rejection he was providing salvation for Israel. Joseph said God has sent me here to be father to Pharaoh. Lord of all his house and ruler of all the land of Egypt. Go and tell my father that God has made me Lord of all Egypt. When Christ is revealed to his ancient people he will become Lord of all the earth. He said l will put you all in the land of Goshen and l will look after you all there. Joseph fell of the neck of Benjamin is true brother and wept. And he kissed all his brothers a kiss of true love and wept for each one. When it was discovered what had happened Pharaoh was very pleased and all the servants of Egypt. He provided wagons of food but to Benjamin he gave 300 silver coins and five changes of clothes. For Jacob he sent ten jacks (male donkeys) laden with the good things of Egypt and ten jennies (female donkeys) they were laden with food. They went home and told him that Joseph was alive after all and that he was governor of Egypt. Jacob could hardly believe it. But when he saw all the donkeys and goods he revived in spirit. Then he said enough – I will go and see him before l die. Joseph went to Egypt in 1701 BC and lived another 17 years. He died aged 147 when Joseph was 56 and Benjamin was 39.
- What was Joseph doing with the cups?
- Why did Joseph wait so long before he revealed himself to his brothers?
- Describe the touching scene when Joseph finally tells his brethren who he is. What does this reveal of Christs relation to his brethren?