January 21st Exodus 1 A. The Deliverer – Moses A New King in Egypt
1: Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 2: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3: Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4: Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 5: And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 6: And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 7: And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them. 8: Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 9: And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 10: Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land. 11: Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12: But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 13: And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 14: And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour. 15: And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 16: And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live. 17: But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. 18: And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 19: And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 20: Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. 21: And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses. 22: And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Exodus 2 Moses is born & brought up
1: And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2: And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 3: And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. 4: And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him. 5: And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 6: And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children. 7: Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? 8: And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother. 9: And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it. 10: And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
Moses runs away from Egypt
11: And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. 12: And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. 13: And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? 14: And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known. 15: Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. 16: Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 17: And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. 18: And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? 19: And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock. 20: And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread. 21: And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. 22: And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land. 23: And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. 24: And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. 25: And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.
Exodus 3 God appears to Moses
1: Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. 2: And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. 3: And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. 4: And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. 5: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. 6: Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. 7: And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; 8: And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 9: Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. 10: Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt. 11: And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? 12: And he said, Certainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain. 13: And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? 14: And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. 15: And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. 16: Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt: 17: And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey. 18: And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God. 19: And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand. 20: And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go. 21: And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty: 22: But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.
God told Abraham many hundreds of years before (Genesis 15v12-21) that the Children of Israel would go into the land of Egypt and that they would come out again. The book of Exodus is the story of Israel’s exit from Egypt. This Book of 40 chapters was written by Moses. The Israelites lived for 400 years in Egypt. It is thought that after an invasion of the Assyrians, the Egyptian Pharaohs took on a very different character. They knew nothing of Joseph and were afraid of the strength of the Hebrews. The Egyptians began to oppress them and turned them into slaves. Joseph had brought them in but Moses leads them out. Seventy people had entered Egypt, (Gen 46v27) but it is thought that they numbered about 2.1 million what they came out. Egypt was the most developed civilisation of its day and Moses was thoroughly taught in all the wisdom and sciences of Egypt. The first chapter sets the scene for the story of the Exodus. Joseph died and all his brethren and all that generation and then there was a change of government - there arose up a new king over Egypt who did not know Joseph. He set about oppressing Israel in Egypt because basically he was afraid of this nation within the nation. The first thing he tried was to work them to death - but they grew stronger. They built cities to put the wealth of Egypt in. The next thing the new king did was to order the death of the young boys at the hand of the Hebrew midwives. But the midwives feared God and saved the boys. They said that the Hebrew women were full of life and delivered their own children before they arrived. So a new order was given to drown the baby boys in the river but to save the baby girls. In this way eventually the girls would marry Egyptians and this would destroy the Hebrew heritage. Into this difficult situation Moses was born. Moses mother his him for 3 months however in the end she had to obey the command of the king. So she obeyed by placing him in the river albeit in a little ark that floated. And she placed it in the reeds where it would not float away. And she put his older sister Miriam to watch out for him. Just at that time Pharaohs daughter came down to wash in the river as was the custom and she saw the little ark and she ordered her maid to fetch it. When it was opened the little babe cried. And all the story of redemption hung in the cry of a baby. The daughters heart was stirred and she felt for him. Then Miriam stepped forward and said would you like me to find a nurse for the child? And the daughter said take the child away and l will pay you to nurse the baby. Miriam went and called for her mother and she nursed her own child and was paid to do it. The child grew and was adopted by Pharaohs daughter as her son and she called him Moses. When Moses was grown he visited his brethren to see the burdens that oppressed them and he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew so he killed the man and buried the body but later discovered that this crime was well known. When Pharaoh heard of this he thought he would arrest Moses. So he fled. And he ran away as far as Saudi Arabia. Moses was 40 years old when he ran away. In Midian Moses marries Zipporah and he had a son Gershom. He said l am a stranger in a strange land. When the king died the children of Israel called on the name of the LORD and the LORD heard them. For 40 years Moses kept the flock of his father Jethro. Moses had lived for 40 years trying to be somebody and now he had lived for 40 years learning what it was to be nobody. Now for the next 40 years he learned what God could do in a mans life that is consecrated to him. The angel of the LORD (Christ) appeared to him from a burning bush that never ceased to burn. This is the beginning of a long story that takes us from shepherds bush to kings cross. The Lord spoke to Moses saying Moses, Moses. (Notice the ‘double calls’ of scripture). Then the LORD said do not come near ! Take off your shoes because this is a holy place. A man who stands bear-footed is NOT the redeemer. Then the LORD said I AM the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob. Moses hid his face and was afraid to look into the face of God. Then the LORD said l have seen all the affliction of my people, I have heard their cry and l know their sorrows. And I AM come down to deliver them out of Egypt and will take them into Canaan. I am going to send you to Pharaoh. But Moses said who am l to do this? the LORD said I AM going to be with you. And the LORD said this will be a sign to you that when you come out of Egypt you will serve me on this very mountain. Then Moses said, who shall l say has sent me and the LORD answered – Tell them that I AM THAT I AM has sent you. Then the LORD told him exactly what to say.
- Who was Moses? and how had God prepared him to lead Israel out of Egypt?
- Why did Moses kill the Egyptian? and what did he do when he was found out?
- How did God appear to Moses? and why was Moses not keen to go back to Egypt?