January 1st Matthew 1
A. The Person of the King
The Genealogy of Christ
1: The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. 2: Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; 3: And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; 4: And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 5: And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; 6: And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; 7: And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; 8: And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; 9: And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; 10: And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; 11: And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: 12: And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; 13: And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; 14: And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; 15: And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; 16: And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. 17: So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
The Birth of Christ
18: Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. 19: Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privately. 20: But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 21: And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. 22: Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 23: Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. 24: Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: 25: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
In this first chapter Matthew presents the credentials of the Messiah of Israel. He is ‘Son of David’ (The most common title) and ‘Son of Abraham’. In the first part of Matthews Gospel and the first part of Christ’s ministry Jesus is presented as ‘Son of David’. He has the right to sit on David’s throne. The ‘son of David’ was Solomon - the greatest king of Israel. Solomon was the richest and wisest King to live on earth. Jesus simply says of himself ‘a Greater than Solomon is here’. Christ was greater in wisdom in that he answers without any difficulty all of the most baffling questions of the Rabbis. Even his enemies said of Him ‘has any man spoken like this man’? When he has answered every question he asks one of his own and everyone is silenced. His question was how can David’s son - be his Lord? There was no answer from the teachers of Israel. And the answer of course is ! David’s Son – Jesus Christ, is David’s LORD. Christ as David’s son has All authority In heaven and on earth. The second part of Christ’s ministry displays the fact that Christ is ‘Son of Abraham’. The ‘son of Abraham’ was Isaac. The Lord Jesus learned obedience by the things that he suffered. He was willing to be led up Moriah’s hill. And he was willing to do something against his own will. He was willing to be laid upon the wood. The only difference was that for Isaac there was a substitute. Matthew is very clear that Mary was a virgin. He says that she was betrothed but ‘before they came together - she was found to be with child’. Joseph’s reaction as a righteous man was to divorce her on the grounds of impurity, but while he hesitated an angel of the Lord appears to him, to tell him that she is not impure and that this pregnancy is the work of God the Holy Spirit and that his sole responsibility is to go ahead and marry her and to name the child - Jesus. Joseph took Mary as his wife but did not have sexual union with her until after the birth of her son and he named the child – Jesus, which means ‘Jehovah is the Saviour’.
- Make a list of the ancestors of Joseph
- What are your thoughts about Josephs position in the story of the birth of Christ?
- In this passage what do we learn about the mission that Christ was to fulfill?