January 2nd Genesis 4
Cain and Abel
1: And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. 2: And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. 3: And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. 4: And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: 5: But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. 6: And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 7: If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. 8: And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. 9: And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper? 10: And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. 11: And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; 12: When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. 13: And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear. 14: Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me. 15: And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. 16: And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. 17: And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch. 18: And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech. 19: And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah. 20: And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. 21: And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. 22: And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah. 23: And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt. 24: If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
25: And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. 26: And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
Genesis 5 Adam’s Genealogy
1: This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; 2: Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. 3: And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth: 4: And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters: 5: And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died. 6: And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos: 7: And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters: 8: And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died. 9: And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan: 10: And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters: 11: And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died. 12: And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaleel: 13: And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters: 14: And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died. 15: And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared: 16: And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters: 17: And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred ninety and five years: and he died. 18: And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch: 19: And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: 20: And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died. 21: And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah: 22: And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters: 23: And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years: 24: And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him. 25: And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech: 26: And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters: 27: And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died. 28: And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son: 29: And he called his name Noah, saying, This name shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the LORD hath cursed. 30: And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters: 31: And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died. 32: And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
Adam and Eve are now living in a very different world from the one that they started in. They have two boys. (Of course they might have had other children but God ordained that these children are specifically mentioned.) Cain was an arable farmer and Abel is shepherd. (A lot of Gods leaders start off as shepherds) Adam and Eve must have taught Cain and Abel the importance of coming before the Lord with sacrificial offerings. Abel is a man of faith and so he not only believes in the Lord but is willing to do Gods will and follow his directions. Abel brings an offering of the lambs but Cain brings an offering from the earth. Cain discovers that his offering is not acceptable. And we are not told quite why this is so. Offerings of the earth were acceptable in the Mosaic Law but there must have been something that he did that was wrong. Cain is not sorry or repentant he is just jealous and furious that his younger brother should be accepted. The Lord speaks to him telling him that he is still able to put matters right but if not that sin is waiting to pounce. Cain talks to his brother in the field and kills him. The first man born is a murderer and he murders his own brother the second man to be born. Then the Lord speaks to him about his brother at first he denies the murderer but when confronted by the Lord and the judgment that will follow he is overcome by grief and says everyone’s hand will be against me and they will want to kill me but the Lord marks him saying that none are to harm him. Cain went away from the presence of the Lord and lived in Nod east of Eden. (Possibly Iran – His grandson was called Irad) Adam and Eve must have had many other children and because their Genes had not Genetic load yet he must have taken a wife from his own family. He had a son and called him Enoch. Eve gave Adam another son to replace Abel and called him Seth. At this time men began to worship the Lord. At the beginning of ch 6 a new section begins with the phrase ‘This is the book of the generations of…’ In this case it is Adam. The story of Adam is briefly rehearsed. His age and the important detailed of his life are recorded. There is no reason to suppose that the age of Adam and the time of his having a child is incorrect. The family tree of Adam is given generation by generation with the dates of birth of firstborn and death. What we do see is that Enoch lived 65 years before he had Methuselah from the birth of his son Enoch walked with God. It is suggested that the name of his son indicates coming judgment and that caused Enoch to think again and walk with God. Eventually we are told of the birth of Enoch’s grandson Noah. A man who would bring comfort to the Antediluvians because it spoke of hope for mankind.
- How would you describe the world outside of Eden?
- How would you describe Cain and Abel?
- What are your thoughts on the breakdown of their relationship and the murder of Abel?