March 6th Deuteronomy 9
God will destroy the Canaanites
1: Hear, O Israel: Thou art to pass over Jordan this day, to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than thyself, cities great and fenced up to heaven, 2: A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and of whom thou hast heard say, Who can stand before the children of Anak! 3: Understand therefore this day, that the LORD thy God is he which goeth over before thee; as a consuming fire he shall destroy them, and he shall bring them down before thy face: so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the LORD hath said unto thee. 4: Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the LORD hath brought me in to possess this land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD doth drive them out from before thee. 5: Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart, dost thou go to possess their land: but for the wickedness of these nations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee, and that he may perform the word which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Remember the wilderness
6: Understand therefore, that the LORD thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness; for thou art a stiffnecked people. 7: Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that thou didst depart out of the land of Egypt, until ye came unto this place, ye have been rebellious against the LORD. 8: Also in Horeb ye provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed you. 9: When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water: 10: And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which the LORD spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly. 11: And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the LORD gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant. 12: And the LORD said unto me, Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt have corrupted themselves; they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image. 13: Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: 14: Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they. 15: So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands. 16: And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the LORD your God, and had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the LORD had commanded you. 17: And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes. 18: And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger. 19: For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy you. But the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also. 20: And the LORD was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time. 21: And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount. 22: And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, ye provoked the LORD to wrath. 23: Likewise when the LORD sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, Go up and possess the land which I have given you; then ye rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and ye believed him not, nor hearkened to his voice. 24: Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you. 25: Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; because the LORD had said he would destroy you. 26: I prayed therefore unto the LORD, and said, O Lord GOD, destroy not thy people and thine inheritance, which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand. 27: Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin: 28: Lest the land whence thou broughtest us out say, Because the LORD was not able to bring them into the land which he promised them, and because he hated them, he hath brought them out to slay them in the wilderness. 29: Yet they are thy people and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest out by thy mighty power and by thy stretched out arm.
Deuteronomy 10 The Second Tablets of Stone
1: At that time the LORD said unto me, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first, and come up unto me into the mount, and make thee an ark of wood. 2: And I will write on the tables the words that were in the first tables which thou brakest, and thou shalt put them in the ark. 3: And I made an ark of shittim wood, and hewed two tables of stone like unto the first, and went up into the mount, having the two tables in mine hand. 4: And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me. 5: And I turned myself and came down from the mount, and put the tables in the ark which I had made; and there they be, as the LORD commanded me. 6: And the children of Israel took their journey from Beeroth of the children of Jaakan to Mosera: there Aaron died, and there he was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered in the priest's office in his stead. 7: From thence they journeyed unto Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land of rivers of waters. 8: At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day. 9: Wherefore Levi hath no part nor inheritance with his brethren; the LORD is his inheritance, according as the LORD thy God promised him. 10: And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, and the LORD would not destroy thee. 11: And the LORD said unto me, Arise, take thy journey before the people, that they may go in and possess the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give unto them.
What God requires of you
12: And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, 13: To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good? 14: Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is. 15: Only the LORD had a delight in thy fathers to love them, and he chose their seed after them, even you above all people, as it is this day. 16: Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked. 17: For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward: 18: He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. 19: Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. 20: Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name. 21: He is thy praise, and he is thy God, that hath done for thee these great and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen. 22: Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude.
In todays reading the Lord instructs the children of Israel to totally destroy the Canannites of the land. He encourages them to never forget the wilderness experience as a permanent memorial of what it meant to forsake the Lord. Then the Lord graciously provides a second copy of the law on the tablets of stone. And lastly he reminds them of what he requires of them according to the Mosaic Covenant. But first the Lord says listen to me Israel, today you are going to cross over the Jordan and go in to possess the lands of nations greater than you and cities that are very large with fences that seem to be reaching up to heaven. (The Archiologists say that Jericho was a fenced city built on low foundations) The giants (sons of Anakim) were inhabiting the land. These freaks of humanity were huge. Possibly 3m high and well built to match. It was only in the times of David that the remainers of these men were totally eradicated, Goliath and his four brothers being possibly the last of them). Israel was encouraged to not be afraid because the Lord was going to go before them as a consuming fire. Their enemies would be driven out and destroyed quickly. The Lord said afterwards you are not to talk to yourself saying that by your own righteousness and strength of character that you possessed the land but the victory will be an act of God to fulfil the word he spoke to your fathers. Israel was never to forget the wildeness experience. It’s as if Israel had no forgotten past but that all they had been through was to be a present reality. He says remember that you are a stiffnecked people so remember and do not forget. And then the Lord reminds them of their many failings and backslidings. Then Moses told Israel of the gracious provision by God of a second copy of the tablets of stone on which were written the ten commandments of the Mosaic covenant. The making of the Ark of the Covenant was specifically as a container for the tablets of stone. It was the ark (or box) for the covenant. Lastly Moses states what is required of Israel under the Mosaic Covenant. It is summarised in three sentences…
1. Fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him,
2. Serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul,
3. Keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes,
The LORD reminds them that heaven and earth belongs to the LORD. And that the LORD delighted in the fathers and chose their seed for their sakes. Therefore every man of Israel was to be circumscised. Because the LORD your God is the God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God – mighty and terrible. One who does not have predujdice and who cannot be bribed but one who executes judgment on behalf of orphans and widows. One who loves strangers by providing food and clothing. Therefore Israel is to love strangers because you were strangers in the land of Egypt. You – Israel are to fear the LORD, serve him and be attached to him and swear by him. The LORD is to be your praise and your God because for you he has done great and terrible things in your sight. Your Father went into Egypt with 70 people but now the LORD has made the children of Israel to be like the stars for number. An understanding of who Israel is? and Gods special relationship with his ancient people is essential to a correct understanding of the scriptures.
- Why would the Lord destroy the Canaanites?
- What does the Lord remind them about regarding the wilderness?
- Why did they need a second set of stone tablets?