1 Chronicles, 16
1: So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God. 2: And when David had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. 3: And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. 4: And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel: 5: Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obed-edom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals; 6: Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.
16v7-36 David’s Psalm of thanksgiving
7: Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
8: Give thanks unto the LORD, call upon his name,
make known his deeds among the people.
9: Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him,
talk ye of all his wondrous works.
10: Glory ye in his holy name:
let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.
11: Seek the LORD and his strength,
seek his face continually.
12: Remember his marvellous works that he hath done,
his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;
13: O ye seed of Israel his servant,
ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones.
14: He is the LORD our God;
his judgments are in all the earth.
15: Be ye mindful always of his covenant;
the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;
16: Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham,
and of his oath unto Isaac;
17: And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law,
and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,
18: Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan,
the lot of your inheritance;
19: When ye were but few, even a few,
and strangers in it.
20: And when they went from nation to nation,
and from one kingdom to another people;
21: He suffered no man to do them wrong:
yea, he reproved kings for their sakes,
22: Saying, Touch not mine anointed,
and do my prophets no harm.
23: Sing unto the LORD, all the earth;
shew forth from day to day his salvation.
24: Declare his glory among the heathen;
his marvellous works among all nations.
25: For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised:
he also is to be feared above all gods.
26: For all the gods of the people are idols:
but the LORD made the heavens.
27: Glory and honour are in his presence;
strength and gladness are in his place.
28: Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people,
give unto the LORD glory and strength.
29: Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name:
bring an offering,
and come before him:
worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.
30: Fear before him, all the earth:
the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.
31: Let the heavens be glad,
and let the earth rejoice:
and let men say among the nations,
The LORD reigneth.
32: Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof:
let the fields rejoice, and all that is therein.
33: Then shall the trees of the wood sing out at the presence of the LORD,
because he cometh to judge the earth.
34: O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good;
for his mercy endureth for ever.
35: And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation,
and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen,
that we may give thanks to thy holy name,
and glory in thy praise.
36: Blessed be the LORD God of Israel
for ever and ever.
16v37-43 Service to God commences
And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD. 37: So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required: 38: And Obed-edom with their brethren, threescore and eight; Obed-edom also the son of Jeduthun and Hosah to be porters: 39: And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon, 40: To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel; 41: And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever; 42: And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters. 43: And all the people departed every man to his house: and David returned to bless his house.
1 Chronicles, 17
17v1-15 David desires a house for God
1: Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains. 2: Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee. 3: And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 4: Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in: 5: For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 6: Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars? 7: Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel: 8: And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 9: Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 10: And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house. 11: And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 12: He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. 13: I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 14: But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore. 15: According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
17v16-27 David’s prayer
16: And David the king came and sat before the LORD, and said, Who am I, O LORD God, and what is mine house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 17: And yet this was a small thing in thine eyes, O God; for thou hast also spoken of thy servant's house for a great while to come, and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O LORD God. 18: What can David speak more to thee for the honour of thy servant? for thou knowest thy servant. 19: O LORD, for thy servant's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all this greatness, in making known all these great things. 20: O LORD, there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 21: And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out nations from before thy people, whom thou hast redeemed out of Egypt? 22: For thy people Israel didst thou make thine own people for ever; and thou, LORD, becamest their God. 23: Therefore now, LORD, let the thing that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house be established for ever, and do as thou hast said. 24: Let it even be established, that thy name may be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel: and let the house of David thy servant be established before thee. 25: For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant that thou wilt build him an house: therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before thee. 26: And now, LORD, thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: 27: Now therefore let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be before thee for ever: for thou blessest, O LORD, and it shall be blessed for ever.
1 Chronicles, 18
18v1-13 David’s victories
1: Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines. 2: And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts. 3: And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates. 4: And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots. 5: And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 6: Then David put garrisons in Syria-damascus; and the Syrians became David's servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went. 7: And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. 8: Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass. 9: Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah; 10: He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to inquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass. 11: Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek. 12: Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand. 13: And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David's servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
18v14-17 David’s officials appointed
14: So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people. 15: And Joab the son Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder. 16: And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe; 17: And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.
It was a glorious day when David set up the Tabernacle and put the ark in it. They were then able to offer burnt offerings and peace offerings to the LORD. And when everything was completed he blessed the people in the name of the LORD and he gave to all the people a loaf of bread some good quality meet and a flagon of wine. Not only were the people finally able to be right with their God but they had the happiness of a celebration and physical sustenance and wine to fill their souls with joy. David appointed Levites to serve the Lord before the Ark of God and they were to record everything and give thanks before the LORD God of Israel. He also appointed men to play the harps, cymbals and trumpets. Then David inspired of the Lord gave a Psalm to Asaph and his brothers to sing to the Lord. And so the service of the Lord had commenced in the Tabernacle of the Lord. David also has a desire to build a house for the Lord rather than just a tent. Then David gives a prayer before the Lord. Then he read of David’s victories and of the appointment of his officials. But let’s get back to the Psalm of thanksgiving. David’s Psalm of thanksgiving is a general call that all might give thanks to the Lord. He calls on Israel to praise the Lord and to make his deeds known in all the earth. To glory in his name and to rejoice in the Lord. Joy is always the result of revival. The OT exhortation is always to seek the Lord. That is to come to the tabernacle seeking to commune with the Lord to know his will and direction for the future. To remember all that the Lord has done and to remember the God who did it all. He calls on Israel to remember the covenant that they are in - the Abrahamic covenant and of the Lords protection. He says this news is to be declared among the nations. (Israel was to be a light to the Gentiles) Because the Lord is great and much greater than their gods. They are to Fear the Lord (another key OT concept). The fear of the Lord foundation of all rightful thinking. Then he calls on all the nations to give thanksgiving to the Lord and to worship him in the beauty of holiness. Let all the stars rejoice and all the earth rejoice and let every man on the earth rejoice. And let them say in the nations the LORD reigneth. (Of course the most high rules in the kingdoms of men and he sets over them whosoever he will.) He calls on the sea to rejoice and the fields and the trees of the wood to sing out at the presence of the LORD because he comes to judge the earth. So this is also prophetic. David looks far into the future and sees the Glorious kingdom of our LORD Jesus Christ when all the nations will convert to the Lord and Christ himself will come to establish judgment among all men. Then we have an insight into OT theology. David says Save us O God of our salvation. Gather us together and deliver us from the heathen so that we might give thanks to your holy name and glory in your praise. Then he closes saying blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. This is the ultimate consummation of all things. When the LORD God of Israel is blessed for eternity. But how is it achieved? By three things..1. The salvation of Israel which will be found in the personal appearance of Israel’s Messiah and national Saviour – Jesus of Nazareth. 2. In the gathering of the whole 12 tribes of Israel to the land. 3 In the miraculous deliverance of Israel from the armies of the heathen nations. What insight David had. After this David instituted the service of the Tabernacle. It became a well run spiritual institution dedicated to the worship of the LORD. In all of this David longed to build a temple for the Lord. David chatted to Nathan about it and Nathan recognising that David was in a good spiritual state so he said do whatever is in your heart. But this was not Gods will. And so we see that the principle that ‘he that gets the vision gets the job’ is in fact wrong. David had the vision but it would not be his job. The Lord sends Nathan to commend David on his good idea and reminds him of the long journey that he as brought him on but he says you are not to be the one to do this great work. However David could gather the resources for the one who would do the job. Often we might have a desire to serve the Lord in a special way and it’s honourable to think like this but the servant of the Lord needs specific direction from the Lord. It may be that the Lord has someone else to do the task but we can prepare for them as David did and we can support them in their work and thus become partners with them in their work. And so David prays. And what a prayer! He says l am nothing. And my family is nothing. And yet you have treated me as a man of high regard. There is none like you in greatness. You took this nation and used it as an instrument of judgment on the wicked. And established it for ever. You became their God and so let these things happen that you are going to do so that your name will be made large in the nations. You are the God of Israel may my house be established for ever before you. And so bless me that l might bless you forever, because your blessing are eternal. After this David had a number of spectacular victories over his enemies. He defeated the Philistines, the Moabites, the Babylonians, the Syrians, the Amelkites, the Edomites. Wherever he went God blessed David. David also appointed a number of officials to act on his behalf.
Joab General of his army
Zeruiah Second in command
Zadok and Abimelech Priests
Benaiah Governed the Cherethites and the Pelethites
The sons of David Chief’s in David’s court