1: And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples, 2: He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. 3: And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism. 4: Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. 5: When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. 6: And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied. 7: And all the men were about twelve. 8: And he went into the synagogue, and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God. 9: But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus. 10: And this continued by the space of two years; so that all they which dwelt in Asia heard the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks.
The sons of Sceva
11: And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul: 12: So that from his body were brought unto the sick handkerchiefs or aprons, and the diseases departed from them, and the evil spirits went out of them. 13: Then certain of the vagabond Jews, exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth. 14: And there were seven sons of one Sceva, a Jew, and chief of the priests, which did so. 15: And the evil spirit answered and said, Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye? 16: And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded. 17: And this was known to all the Jews and Greeks also dwelling at Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified. 18: And many that believed came, and confessed, and shewed their deeds. 19: Many of them also which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them before all men: and they counted the price of them, and found it fifty thousand pieces of silver. 20: So mightily grew the word of God and prevailed.
The riot at Ephesus
21: After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome. 22: So he sent into Macedonia two of them that ministered unto him, Timotheus and Erastus; but he himself stayed in Asia for a season. 23: And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. 24: For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen; 25: Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth. 26: Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands: 27: So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth. 28: And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians. 29: And the whole city was filled with confusion: and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre. 30: And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not. 31: And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre. 32: Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly was confused; and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together. 33: And they drew Alexander out of the multitude, the Jews putting him forward. And Alexander beckoned with the hand, and would have made his defence unto the people. 34: But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two hours cried out, Great is Diana of the Ephesians. 35: And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, Ye men of Ephesus, what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the image which fell down from Jupiter? 36: Seeing then that these things cannot be spoken against, ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly. 37: For ye have brought hither these men, which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess. 38: Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another. 39: But if ye inquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly. 40: For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse. 41: And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly.
Here we have the interesting case of other believers who had only been converted to the ministry of John the Baptist. In this case we see the level of revelation that John’s Disciples had attained to and that their spiritual experience brought them to repentance and a return unto the Lord under law but that it did not bring them to salvation. When Paul met them he asked a simple question which was an acid test for christians. Have you received the Holy Spirit since you believed? These disciples were in the same position that John the Baptist had left them. They had not come into the light of Christ’s teaching or even to the knowledge of Christ’s death and resurrection and certainly not to the receiving of the Holy Spirit as the church had done so. Their answer was that they had not heard of the Holy Spirit. These men were God fearing Jews who had heard and believed the message of John calling on Israel to repent and return to the Lord God of their Fathers. Paul started where they were and preach Christ to them. When they believed in Christ they were baptised. This goes to show that the baptism of John was not the same as Christian baptism. After their baptism they were formally welcomed into the company of believers and the Holy Spirit came on them. The effect of their new experience of God was that they received spiritual gifts such as the gift of languages and prophecy. These twelve men began to exercise their gifts to the Jews that they contacted. For three months Paul preached in the Synagogue with great courage. However eventually the Jews rejected his message so he departed from their company and set up a new place where he could minister the word. He hired a hall to preach the Gospel. He continued there for two years and the effect was that all Asia heard of the preaching of the Gospel. Paul’s ministry among the unbelieving Jews was accompanied with many Apostolic miracles. Even handkerchiefs were given away and those who touched them were healed or delivered of evil spirits. There were a few wondering Jews who made money by travelling about. They began using the name of Jesus to cast out demons. However they had a great shock when the demons said, Hang on a minute, who are you? and the demons physically overcome them. They escaped, but only just! The incident must have made the apostles smile. This was not play acting this was serious and dangerous unless one was really called of God. The fear of God fell on the whole area and Christ’s name was more greatly honoured. There was a great upsurge of the effects of revival in the city and many of the magicians converted to the Lord. This was nothing short of revival the word of God grew and overcame all opposition. After the cycle of preaching, miracles, opposition and blessing has passed its course Paul determined to go back through Europe, Greece, Jerusalem and possibly Rome. Paul sent for Timothy and Erastus. However there was one final piece of the jig saw to complete in Ephesus. A riot and plans to murder Paul. The long term effects of Paul’s ministry had been a marked reduction in the Idolatry of Diana the Ephesian god. Sales of her statues were down. A riot was stirred up, but Paul saw this as an opportunity to address the whole city but his companions thought that this as suicide. So they stopped him from entering the arena. It’s interesting that in the face of the Gospel, religion and Atheism will join forces to oppose Christ. The Jews used the idol worshippers of Ephesus to oppose the Gospel. The riot was eventually dismissed. And so Paul’s ministry here had come to an end.