May 11th 1 Chronicles 1
A. The Genealogies
Genealogy of Adam
1: Adam, Sheth, Enosh, 2: Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, 3: Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 4: Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.5: The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras. 6: And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah. 7: And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 8: The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 9: And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan. 10: And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth. 11: And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim, 12: And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim. 13: And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn, and Heth, 14: The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite, 15: And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, 16: And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. 17: The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech. 18: And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber. 19: And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother's name was Joktan. 20: And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, 21: Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah, 22: And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba, 23: And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 24: Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, 25: Eber, Peleg, Reu,26: Serug, Nahor, Terah, 27: Abram; the same is Abraham.
Genealogy of Abraham
28: The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael. 29: These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, 30: Mishma and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema, 31: Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael. 32: Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan. 33: And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons of Keturah.
Genealogy of Esau
34: And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau and Israel. 35: The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. 36: The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek. 37: The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. 38: And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan. 39: And the sons of Lothan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna was Lotan's sister. 40: The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah. 41: The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. 42: The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and Aran. 43: Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah. 44: And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead. 45: And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead. 46: And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith. 47: And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead. 48: And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead. 49: And when Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. 50: And when Baal-hanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 51: Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth, 52: Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 53: Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 54: Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.
1 Chronicles 2 Genealogy of Israel
1: These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, 2: Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
Genealogy of Judah
3: The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the LORD; and he slew him. 4: And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five. 5: The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul. 6: And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all. 7: And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed. 8: And the sons of Ethan; Azariah. 9: The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai. 10: And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah; 11: And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz, 12: And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse, 13: And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third, 14: Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 15: Ozem the sixth, David the seventh: 16: Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three. 17: And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite. 18: And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon. 19: And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur. 20: And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel. 21: And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub. 22: And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead. 23: And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead. 24: And after that Hezron was dead in Caleb-ephratah, then Abiah Hezron's wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa. 25: And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah. 26: Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam. 27: And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker. 28: And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur. 29: And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid. 30: And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children. 31: And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai. 32: And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether and Jonathan: and Jether died without children. 33: And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel. 34: Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha. 35: And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai. 36: And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad, 37: And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed, 38: And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah, 39: And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah, 40: And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum, 41: And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama. 42: Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron. 43: And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema. 44: And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai. 45: And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Beth-zur. 46: And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez. 47: And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Geshan, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph. 48: Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah. 49: She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah. 50: These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim, 51: Salma the father of Bethlehem, Hareph the father of Beth-gader. 52: And Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites. 53: And the families of Kirjath-jearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites. 54: The sons of Salma; Bethlehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites. 55: And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.
1 Chronicles 3 Genealogy of David
1: Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess: 2: The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith: 3: The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife. 4: These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years. 5: And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bath-shua the daughter of Ammiel: 6: Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet, 7: And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 8: And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. 9: These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.
Genealogy of Solomon
10: And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, 11: Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son, 12: Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son, 13: Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son, 14: Amon his son, Josiah his son. 15: And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. 16: And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son. 17: And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son, 18: Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. 19: And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister: 20: And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-hesed, five. 21: And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah. 22: And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah; and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six. 23: And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three. 24: And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.
Today we begin the first book of Chronicles. Most people look at the book and grind to a halt like Christian in the Slough of Despond. By to do so is such a shame. Most people are interested in their own family tree and this book begins with a series of family trees listing the ancestors of Israel. So this bock is not only interesting it is absolutely essential reading for the Children of Israel. It is their authority, history and the springboard of their future. The book is divided into two sections which we might describe as Israel’s origins and the life of David. These two OT books called the Chronicles were the last books of the Jewish OT Bible. 1 Chronicles was probably written by Ezra, in about 430 BC, after the exile. This book is a commentary to the book of 2 Samuel. This book unifies the nation of Israel, by tracing the line of David’s ancestors and then showing the importance of worship to the individual, family and nation. The two books of Chronicles were one book in the Hebrew Bible. The books of Chronicles cover much the same time as the books of Kings, but the books of Chronicles were written looking back after the captivity. In the books of Kings the palace and the throne are prominent but in Chronicles the Temple and the altar are prominent.
The Nation of Israel
The Tribes of Israel
The people back from exile
The Kingdom of David
David brings the Ark home
David’s vision - Temple
In today’s readings we have the Genealogies of Adam, Abraham, Esau, Israel, Judah, David and Solomon. It’s very interesting that scripture is very clear that all human being descended from one man – Adam. Those who take the view that mankind descended from monkeys and subscribe to the general theory of evolution will find that this theory runs completely contrary to the word of God. In the first family list from Adam to Abraham we have described the family of mankind covering half of the Old Testament. Abraham lives at almost exactly half way through the OT in terms of time. Next we have the family tree of Abraham. Nearly all of the Middle Eastern nations come from Abraham one way or another. Then we notice that the Chronicler jumps straight to Isaacs’s sons. Esau and Jacob (Israel) All of this gives the definite impression that the record is meant to be taken as historically accurate. The details are astounding for example of Hadad it describes his city, wife – her father and grandfather and his sons who it says were ‘dukes’. Next we come to the familiar family of Jacob (Israel) 12 sons in all. Then the Chronicler will go into great detail listing the families of each of the Tribes of Israel starting with Judah. He lists the complicated family relations and a raft of interesting and minutely detailed information about most of the names. This is the stuff of families. Then we have the family of David the sweet Psalmist and shepherd of Judah. And lastly he lists the family of Solomon.
- Why is the Book of Chronicles so important to Israel?
- Why is this book just as important as Genesis?
- What do you notice about these Genealogies?