May 14th 1 Chronicles 10
B. The end of Saul Saul’s death
1: Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 2: And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul. 3: And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him, and he was wounded of the archers. 4: Then said Saul to his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. So Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 5: And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise on the sword, and died. 6: So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together. 7: And when all the men of Israel that were in the valley saw that they fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, then they forsook their cities, and fled: and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 8: And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 9: And when they had stripped him, they took his head, and his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to carry tidings unto their idols, and to the people. 10: And they put his armour in the house of their gods, and fastened his head in the temple of Dagon. 11: And when all Jabesh-gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, 12: They arose, all the valiant men, and took away the body of Saul, and the bodies of his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days. 13: So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to inquire of it; 14: And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.
1 Chronicles 11 B. The reign of David David crowned King
1: Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 2: And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel. 3: Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.
David captures Zion
4: And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which is Jebus; where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. 5: And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, Thou shalt not come hither. Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion, which is the city of David. 6: And David said, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain. So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief. 7: And David dwelt in the castle; therefore they called it the city of David. 8: And he built the city round about, even from Millo round about: and Joab repaired the rest of the city. 9: So David waxed greater and greater: for the LORD of hosts was with him.
David’s mighty men
10: These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. 11: And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam, and Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time. 12: And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighties. 13: He was with David at Pas-dammim, and there the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where was a parcel of ground full of barley; and the people fled from before the Philistines. 14: And they set themselves in the midst of that parcel, and delivered it, and slew the Philistines; and the LORD saved them by a great deliverance. 15: Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim. 16: And David was then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison was then at Bethlehem. 17: And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, that is at the gate! 18: And the three brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but David would not drink of it, but poured it out to the LORD, 19: And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest. 20: And Abishai the brother of Joab, he was chief of the three: for lifting up his spear against three hundred, he slew them, and had a name among the three. 21: Of the three, he was more honourable than the two; for he was their captain: howbeit he attained not to the first three. 22: Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts; he slew two lionlike men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day. 23: And he slew an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear. 24: These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among the three mighties. 25: Behold, he was honourable among the thirty, but attained not to the first three: and David set him over his guard. 26: Also the valiant men of the armies were, Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 27: Shammoth the Harorite, Helez the Pelonite, 28: Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, Abi-ezer the Antothite, 29: Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, 30: Maharai the Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite, 31: Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that pertained to the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, 32: Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, 33: Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, 34: The sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite, 35: Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, 36: Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, 37: Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai, 38: Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Haggeri, 39: Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armourbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 40: Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 41: Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, 42: Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a captain of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, 43: Hanan the son of Maachah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, 44: Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite, 45: Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite, 46: Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, 47: Eliel, and Obed, and Jasiel the Mesobaite.
1 Chronicles 12 David’s personal army
1: Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war. 2: They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin. 3: The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite, 4: And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, 5: Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite, 6: Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites, 7: And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor. 8: And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains; 9: Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 10: Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 11: Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12: Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 13: Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh. 14: These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. 15: These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west. 16: And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David. 17: And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it. 18: Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band. 19: And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads. 20: As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. 21: And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host. 22: For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God. 23: And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD. 24: The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war. 25: Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred. 26: Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred. 27: And Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred; 28: And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains. 29: And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul. 30: And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers. 31: And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king. 32: And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment. 33: Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart. 34: And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand. 35: And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred. 36: And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand. 37: And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand. 38: All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king. 39: And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them. 40: Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.
Now that the genealogies are over the writer sets out to describe the life of David but first he deals with the death of the previous king Saul. But once Saul is dead David is crowned king and he captures the old city of Zion. Then we have described David’s chosen men and then his vast army. Let’s get back to Saul. Saul was shot in battle by the Philistine archers. Saul turned to his amour bearer to kill him to prevent him from being taken by the Philistines but he was afraid to touch him as he was king. So Saul drew his sword and fell on it. His amour bearer thinking that he was dead he ran away. (However Saul was not quite dead and a passing enemy killed him and took his crown and sword back to David.) In the battle Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchi-shua, the sons of Saul died. Saul’s men fled to the hills and the Philistines came and lived in their cities. When the Philistines found Saul they beheaded him and stripped him and took his armour to their temple and they set up his head in the temple of Dagon. When the men of Jabesh-gilead heard of what had happened to Saul they broke through and took his body and that of his sons and buried them under the Oak in Jabesh. And then they fasted in mourning for seven days. Saul died because he enquired of the witch of Endor. Then all Israel gathered to David in Hebron and crowned him king. Then David set out to capture the city of Zion which is Jerusalem. David’s power increased over the countryside. Then we have the list of David’s mighty men.
Jashobeam the chief of the captains: he killed 300 with a spear on one day.
Eleazar - one of the three mighties. He fought with David over a small ground of barley. It was a great fight.
Three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and they went and broke through the philistine army just to get a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem. It was just a dream but they risked their lives to give him his dream.
He was chief of the three – he used his spear to kill 300.
He killed the two lion like men of Moab
He killed a lion in a pit in the snow.
He killed an Egyptian giant 5 cubits high. He took the spear out of his hand and killed him with it.
Asahel the brother of Joab,
Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
Shammoth the Harorite,
Helez the Pelonite,
Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
Abi-ezer the Antothite,
Sibbecai the Hushathite,
Ilai the Ahohite,
Maharai the Netophathite,
Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah, that pertained to the children of Benjamin,
Benaiah the Pirathonite,
Hurai of the brooks of Gaash,
Abiel the Arbathite,
Azmaveth the Baharumite,
Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite,
Ahiam the son of Sacar the Hararite,
Eliphal the son of Ur,
Hepher the Mecherathite,
Ahijah the Pelonite,
Hezro the Carmelite,
Naarai the son of Ezbai,
Joel the brother of Nathan,
Mibhar the son of Haggeri,
Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Berothite, the armourbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah,
Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,
Uriah the Hittite,
Zabad the son of Ahlai,
Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a captain of the Reubenites, and thirty with him,
Hanan the son of Maachah,
Joshaphat the Mithnite,
Uzzia the Ashterathite,
Jehiel the sons of Hothan the Aroerite,
Jediael the son of Shimri, and
Joha his brother, the Tizite,
Eliel the Mahavite,
Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam,
Ithmah the Moabite,
Jasiel the Mesobaite.
Then we have the description of David’s Army. They were all men of incredible courage. They had bows and could throw stones both arms left and right. It’s a long list but notice the descriptions. The had faces like lions (fearless) they used shield and buckler. They were swift on the mountains like roes. Some of them were empowered by the Holy Spirit to fight. They could keep rank. In other words they fought as a united army. Each supporting his neighbour. They were united in purpose and devoted to David. When we see the exploits of these men then we can only wonder at the physical prowess and godliness and strength of David. Who commanded such a formidable force. His secret was his pure heart toward the Lord and his total devotion to his men.
- What happened at the death of Saul?
- How would you describe Davids army?
- What are your thoughts on Davids mighty men?